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Buckingham County is a rural county in the heart of central Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the county had 17,146 residents living within 584 square miles. Most of the county consists of privately owned farmland.

The county was incorporated in 1761 and split off at that time from Albemarle County. The borders of the county changed over the following century until they were finally settled in 1860. The original courthouse was designed by Thomas Jefferson, but fire destroyed it in 1869. Although the county’s early records were lost in the fire, many families in the area still live on land their ancestors cultivated and can trace their roots to the Colonial period.

General Robert E. Lee and the Confederate Army marched through Buckingham County on the way to Appomattox Court House, where they eventually surrendered to the Union Army. The cemetery at Trinity Presbyterian Church in Buckingham County bears a marker remembering 45 soldiers from both armies who died en route and were buried in the churchyard.

Agriculture has remained Buckingham’s primary industry for over three centuries. First, plantations worked by slaves grew tobacco in the rich clay soil. As the soil became depleted, mixed farms and hardwood plantings replaced tobacco. Today many tracts of land are owned by Westvaco, a lumber company, and planted with loblolly pine and mixed forests for the paper industry.

Services in Buckingham County

    • Alzheimer's Association

      Alzheimer's Association

    Alzheimer’s Association

    • Centra Southside Community Hospital Building

      Centra Southside Community Hospital Building

    Centra Southside Community Hospital

    Verified
    • Central Virginia Regional Library Building

      Central Virginia Regional Library Building

    Central Virginia Regional Library

    • People talking

      People talking

    Community Mental Health Directory

    • Crossroads Community Service Board Building

      Crossroads Community Service Board Building

    Crossroads Community Service Board

    • Crossroads-Emergency Services

      Crossroads-Emergency Services

    Crossroads-Emergency Services

    • Crossroads-Intellectual Disabilities

      Crossroads-Intellectual Disabilities

    • Crossroads-Substance Abuse

      Crossroads-Substance Abuse

    • Veteran saluting the flag

      Veteran saluting the flag

    Piedmont Area Veterans Council and Community Resources (PAVC)- Piedmont Veteran Engagement Board

    • Piedmont Area Veterans Council and Community Resources (PAVC)-Veterans Benefits

      Piedmont Area Veterans Council and Community Resources (PAVC)-Veterans Benefits

    Piedmont Area Veterans Council and Community Resources (PAVC)-Veterans Benefits

    • Piedmont Habitat for Humanity: Affordable Homeownership

      Piedmont Habitat for Humanity: Affordable Homeownership

    Piedmont Habitat for Humanity: Affordable Homeownership

    Verified
    • Piedmont Habitat for Humanity: Homeowner Education Workshops

      Piedmont Habitat for Humanity: Homeowner Education Workshops

    Piedmont Habitat for Humanity: Homeowner Education Workshops

    Verified
    • Piedmont Senior Resources Area Agency on Aging - Non-emergency medical transportation

      Piedmont Senior Resources Area Agency on Aging - Non-emergency medical transportation

    Piedmont Senior Resources Area Agency on Aging – Non-emergency medical transportation

    Verified
    • Man receiving food

      Man receiving food

    Piedmont Senior Resources Area Agency on Aging – Home-Delivered Meal Delivery Services

    Verified
    • thermostat

      thermostat

    STEPS Inc. – Energy Share

    Verified
    • STEPS, Inc. - Virginia Homeless Solutions Program

      STEPS, Inc. - Virginia Homeless Solutions Program

    STEPS, Inc. – Virginia Homeless Solutions Program

    Verified
    • STEPS, Inc. - Workplace Supports

      STEPS, Inc. - Workplace Supports

    STEPS, Inc. – Workplace Supports

    Verified
    • STEPS, Inc. – COVID-19 Hotline

      STEPS, Inc. – COVID-19 Hotline

    STEPS, Inc. – COVID-19 Hotline

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    • STEPS, Inc. – Head Start

      STEPS, Inc. – Head Start

    STEPS, Inc. – Head Start

    • Virginia Children's Book Festival

      Virginia Children's Book Festival

    Virginia Children’s Book Festival

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